Four Overarching Patterns of Culture: A Look at Common Behavior

Four Overarching Patterns of Culture: A Look at Common Behavior cover

Four Overarching Patterns of Culture: A Look at Common Behavior

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Justice has been the dominant cultural framework of people in the West for two centuries, ever since the rise of constitutional democracies. Consciously or not, most people in the West have a strong awareness of right and wrong. Their sense of morality is generally rooted in an obligation to the rule of law. In democratic societies, the rule of law ultimately relies on constitutional documents ratified by a widely-accepted process of development and implementation.

For millennia, honor has been the dominant cultural framework of most people in the East and Middle East. Here, people know that speech and behavior display respect or disrespect. While pervasive in all relationships, honor and shame are most important in the family, extended family, and local community. In the East, honor is not necessarily an internal feeling, as it is in a justice culture. Honor is more often an external attribution bestowed by others rather than claimed by oneself.

Harmony is prevalent globally in indigenous cultures. Many indigenous peoples do not distinguish between the supernatural and natural worlds. All aspects of life are connected. Interactions with spirit beings are the key to maintaining harmony in order to be secure.

Reciprocity is a common cultural framework in the Global South. Here, one learns to develop connections with the right people in given circumstances for needed resources. These connections may or may not be characterized as "friendships" and provide not so much close friendships as reciprocal exchange. In some places, reciprocity is the means whereby one survives.

Robert Strauss is the owner of Global Perspectives Consulting in Highlands Ranch, Colorado. GPC clients excel in complex global marketplaces through the acquisition of cultural competence. Strauss is also lead faculty of the courses "Program Development and Accountability" and "Research Methods" in the Anderson College of Business at Regis University in Denver, and he is the president of Worldview Resource Group, a not-for-profit organization that equips cross-cultural workers in a story-based worldview approach to mission. WRG works with agencies located in India, Southeast Asia, North Africa, Western Canada, Mexico, and all of Ibero-America. Strauss is the author of Introducing Story-Strategic Methods: Twelve Steps toward Effective Engagement (Wipf & Stock, 2017). He and his wife live near Denver. Christopher Strauss has two masters degrees from St. John's College in the Western great books and the Eastern great books. He has taught and tutored at Pikes Peak Community College, the University of New Mexico, Santa Fe University of Art and Design, the Santa Fe Indian School, and Santa Fe Preparatory School. He owns and operates Sycamore Editing, and roasts coffee in Santa Fe, New Mexico for Ohori's Coffee Roasters. After reading full tilt for twenty years, he still comes across writers he cannot believe he did not find sooner. He lives in Santa Fe with his wife and two children.

ISBN: 9781532693182

ISBN-10: 9781532693182

Publisher: Wipf & Stock Publishers

Publication Date: 08/20/2019 - 12:00am

On Sale: 08/20/2019 - 12:00am

Pages: 238

Language: English

Categories

Anthropology - Cultural & Social

Indigenous Studies